What should we do if suddenly suffer from asthma?
Overview of asthma
Bronchial asthma (asthma) is chronic airway inflammation involving a variety of cells, especially mast cells, eosinophils, and T lymphocytes. In susceptible people, this inflammation can cause recurrent wheezing and shortness of breath. Symptoms such as, chest tightness, or cough, mostly occur at night or early in the morning, and the airway is more responsive to a variety of stimulating factors. However, the symptoms can be relieved by themselves or by treatment. In the past ten years, the prevalence and mortality of asthma in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and other countries have been on the rising trend. There are about 100 million asthma patients in the world. It has become a major chronic disease that seriously threatens public health. Asthma in our country, the prevalence rate is about 1%, and children can reach 3%. According to estimates, there are more than 10 million asthmatics in the country.
When an asthma patient has an acute attack, it is best for us as family members or passers-by to help the patient. If they do not receive timely help, the asthma patient is likely to lose their lives. What should we do if suddenly an asthma attack? Asthma is the excessive response of the airway to various stimulating factors, which causes the airway narrow. During an asthma attack, airway stenosis should be relieved as soon as possible, hypoxemia should be corrected, lung function should be restored, and complications should be prevented. Attacks are often accompanied by sudden dyspnea, prolonged exhalation, coughing, pale or purple complexion, increased heart rate, and even decreased blood pressure, profuse sweating, and confusion. During treatment, please don’t blindly carry him to the hospital, which may compress the patient’s chest and obstruct the patient’s breathing.
What should we do if suddenly suffer from asthma?
I. Immediately open your mouth and yell, or you can sing, because abdominal breathing is generally used when singing, which can alleviate breathing difficulties during an asthma attack and relieve the asthma;
II. Maintain a correct standing posture, and then lean forward slightly. Mainly to regulate the smoothness of the body's breath, and then slowly stroke the chest with your hands, while cooperating with breathing exercises, which can also greatly reduce asthma;
III.Immediately go to an open place with a fresh environment, or do what you feel comfortable. You must know that asthma is mostly caused by unsatisfactory feelings, which is caused by the patient's bad mood. So learning to adjust your mood is important.
What should we do if my family member suddenly suffers from asthma?
I. Pay attention to the patient to keep warm.Keep the environment quiet, and encourage the patient to cooperate with the treatment.
II. Family members should not surround the patient and keep the air around the patient fresh. Ventilate the room to avoid irritating odors such as kerosene, smoke, and paint.
III. Reduce the psychological pressure of patients, eliminate fear and anxiety. Assist the patient to take a sitting or semi-recumbent position to rest, or let the patient kneel on the bed with a pillow and lean forward. This position is conducive to the patient’s breathing. Clear the mouth and nose secretions of patient and keep the airway unobstructed.
IV. In low, moderate, and severe asthma attacks, due to airway obstruction and insufficient alveolar ventilation, the body is obviously hypoxic, and oxygen must be supplemented in time. When the patient has severe breathing difficulties, lips, and nails bruising, he should take oxygen as soon as possible.
V. Families need to help asthma patients use nebulizer inhalers: let the patient sit down facing the back of the chair, leaning over and placing both arms on the back of the chair to breathe. Open the doors and windows to let fresh air into the room. Install the nebulizer inhaler for the patient and use it according to the instructions. Because the patient is worried and afraid that the condition will worsen, the family members should help the patient eliminate psychological worries and keep him calm, which will be a great benefit to the patient.
VI. Call the emergency center for help immediately, and ask the emergency doctor to come for treatment. After the condition is stable, escort the patient to the hospital for treatment. Or go directly to the emergency room of the hospital for treatment. If the patient is unconscious, he can lie flat on the tablet and be quickly sent to the hospital.
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract, so it requires standardized management. The most common cause of poor asthma control is the lack of knowledge and ability of patients' self-management. Improving the level of self-management of asthma patients is to improve patient compliance, which is important means of controlling the state.
Oxygen inhalation has a good therapeutic effect on asthma. It can increase the oxygen concentration in the alveoli and help relieve asthma. Oxygen inhalation before going to bed can not only help the treatment of the disease, but also promote sleep, reduce insomnia, easy to wake up, and improve one's own resistance. Oxygen inhalation has many benefits for asthma. With the characteristics of long-lasting durability and continuous and stable oxygen supply for 24 hours, Longfian oxygen concentrator professionally focus on oxygen protection every moment!